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Mosquitoes

Biology and Life Habits

There are approximately 150 different species of mosquitoes that can be found in Canada. A few mosquito species can be vectors of disease. Culex Pipiens is the principal vector of West Nile Virus and Saint Louis encephalitis and is one of the main vectors of dog heartworm.

To the naked eye, it is tough to distinguish one mosquito species from another. The most common species found in the urban environment is the Culex pipiens. This species has a unique venation and striping on its abdomen.

Adult female mosquito deposits multiple eggs in “rafts” in a variety of aquatic situations. The larval development time and survival rate depends on temperature, diet and population densities.

Once the larvae complete their development they will molt into C-shaped pupae. The pupae molt into adults which then mate and the female begins her search for a blood meal so that she may deposit her eggs.

Questions and Answers

Q – Where can the Mosquito larvae be breeding on my property?
A – The Mosquito larvae can be found breeding in artificial containers such as gutters, sewers, swimming pools, bird baths, rain barrels.

Q – Do the male mosquitos bite?
A – No. Only the female mosquito will bite as it needs a blood meal to deposit its eggs.

Q – How do Mosquitos find us?
A – Female Mosquitos locate people by detecting CO2 and lactic acid that people emit.

Q – Are Mosquitos attracted to certain colour of clothing?
A – Yes. Mosquitos are attracted to light blue coloured clothing more than any other colour.

Q – What can I do to control Mosquitos on my property?
A – It is highly recommended that any pesticide applications be left up to a licenced pest control applicator. You can assist in the control process by removing the breeding water sources mentioned above.